Technology, engineering, and entrepreneurship saved America in the 1800s
Looking back, we can see that had the United States tried to live off sustainably-harvested wood fuel, population growth and the standard of living would have been “frozen” about the 1840s. In all likelihood, the United States would not have survived. It’s immense natural resources and land were simply too attractive to be ignored by other world powers in the 1800s. Coal and the railroads were primary in this technological, engineering-led transformation of America from an agrarian economy into a modern, industrialized, continental nation that went on to save the free world in the 20th century.